Colorectal Cancer Treatment

There are several treatments for bowel cancer, including:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Biological therapy

Surgery is usually the main treatment for bowel cancer, but in about one in five cases, the cancer is too advanced to be removed by surgery. If patient have surgery, patient may also need chemotherapy, radiotherapy or biological therapy, depending on patient particular case.

Patient recommended treatment plan will depend on the stage and location of patient bowel cancer. If the cancer is confined to patient rectum, radiotherapy will usually be used to shrink the tumour, then surgery may be used to remove the tumour. Sometimes, radiotherapy is combined with chemotherapy, which is known as chemoradiation.

If patient have stage 1 bowel cancer, it should be possible to surgically remove the cancer and no further treatment will be required.

If patient have stage 2 or 3 bowel cancer, surgery may be used to remove the cancer and, in some cases, nearby lymph nodes. Surgery is usually followed by a course of chemotherapy to stop the cancer returning. It is not usually possible to cure stage 4 (advanced) cancer. However, symptoms can be controlled and the spread of the cancer can be slowed using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and biological therapy where appropriate.